On May 28, President Biden released his full fiscal year (FY) 2022 budget request, which seeks increased funding for most federal agencies and includes provisions first announced in the American Jobs Plan and American Families Plan. Themes of promoting diversity, bolstering U.S. research and development (R&D), and streamlining immigration services are interwoven throughout the request. Among the notable requests for federal agencies, the Department of Education would receive $102.8 billion, a 40 percent increase in funding compared to the FY21 enacted level. The National Science Foundation would receive $10.2 billion, roughly a 20 percent increase compared to the FY21 enacted level, and the National Institutes of Health would receive $52 billion, which is $9 billion more than the FY21 enacted level. CGS continues to analyze the proposal and has developed a summary document highlighting some CGS programs of interest, available here. All CGS resources regarding FY22 appropriations advocacy are available here, including an updated FY22 Appropriations Chart.
Upon receiving the President’s funding request, House and Senate lawmakers will begin their respective budget and appropriations processes to prepare for the upcoming fiscal year, which begins on October 1, 2021. The House and Senate Budget Committees will leverage the White House request as a resource when crafting their annual budget resolution, which sets federal funding caps. The budget resolution can be a vehicle for reconciliation, the provision which lawmakers used to pass the American Rescue Plan in March 2021. While in the majority, Democratic lawmakers are engaged in ongoing discussions about using reconciliation again this year. On June 2, the Senate Parliamentarian, who oversees reconciliation protocols, issued an opinion reminding lawmakers the special provision is intended only to be used “in extraordinary circumstances” and should be used sparingly, as reported by Roll Call. House Appropriations Committee Chairwoman Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) has outlined plans for her committee to markup and pass all twelve of its funding bills out of committee in June. Senate Appropriators have not yet released a timeline for action on their bills. CGS continues to advocate for the highest levels of funding for programs of importance to graduate education and research and will keep members apprised as the FY22 budget and appropriations process unfolds.