What Is a Doctorate? Online Proceedings of the 2016 Global Summit

    ​We invite you to explore the electronic proceedings of the 2016 Global Summit, What Is a Doctorate?. Panel summaries provide an overview of the papers and discussion, with individual papers accessible at the links below.


    Summit Program and Compilation of Papers*

    *Individual papers below have been updated and edited for the electronic proceedings.



    The 2016 Strategic Leaders Global Summit, co-hosted by CGS and the University of São Paulo (USP), was held in São Paulo from November 15-17. Senior graduate leaders representing 11 different countries met to discuss the theme What Is a Doctorate?


    Over the last decade, a number of global trends affecting the definition and delivery of doctoral education have materialized. Seeking to standardize and clarify various degree types, several countries, regions, and organizations have advanced degree outcomes frameworks that more clearly articulate the desired outcomes of doctoral degrees. Meanwhile, significant growth in the number and types of professional doctorates has led to new questions about the difference between PhDs and professional doctorates. Finally and perhaps most importantly, disciplinary societies, funding agencies, graduate institutions, and students themselves have begun to put serious effort into understanding and diversifying the careers of PhD alumni. 


    Participants included many delegates from CGS international members and international groups of graduate education leaders.



    Panel 1: Current and Evolving Definitions of the Doctorate

    Hans-Joachim Bungartz, Technical University of Munich
    Denise Cuthbert, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University
    Susan Porter, University of British Columbia
    Mark J.T. Smith, Purdue University
    Shireen Motala, University of Johannesburg
    Brenda Yeoh, National University of Singapore

    Panel 2: Doctoral Admissions and Recruitment: Assessing Readiness to Pursue Doctoral Study

    David G. Payne, ETS
    Adham Ramadan, American University in Cairo
    Yaguang Wang, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    Kate Wright, University of Western Australia

    Panel 3: Doctoral Mentoring & Supervision

    Vahan Agopyan, University of São Paulo
    Mee-Len Chye, The University of Hong Kong
    Richard (Dick) Strugnell, University of Melbourne
    Tao Tao, Xiamen University
    Qiang Yao, Tsinghua University

    Panel 4: Career Preparation & Innovations in Doctoral Curricula and Training

    Jani Brouwer, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
    Karen Butler-Purry, Texas A&M University
    Barbara Crow, York University

    Panel 5: Doctoral Dissertations and Capstones

    Marie Audette, Laval University
    Alastair McEwan, University of Queensland
    Christopher Sindt, Saint Mary’s College of California

    Panel 6: How Do Doctoral Assessment & Career Tracking Influence Definitions of Doctoral Education?

    Philippe-Edwin Bélanger, Université du Québec
    Luke Georghiou, University of Manchester
    Barbara A. Knuth, Cornell University

    Practical Actions

    At the conclusion of the meeting, summit participants developed “A Proposal of Practical Actions” designed to help graduate education leaders better understand the definitions and delivery of doctoral education. These recommended actions are intended to serve as a menu of options for graduate institutions seeking to better prepare themselves and their students for the evolving doctorate.


    CGS contributions to the 2016 Summit were supported by a generous gift from the Educational Testing Service (ETS).




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